Seven CEOs of tech companies start what became the Computer & Communications Industry Association to advocate for tech and competition policy in Washington DC.


CCIA gained open records in DOJ’s IBM case and submitted white paper on IBM’s anti-competitive actions with its mainframes. DOJ’s enforcement of the IBM divestiture plan enabled the rise of the software industry and Silicon Valley.


CCIA moved from California to Washington DC to represent its member companies.


Congress relaxed some ERISA rules freeing more investment in tech companies in pension plans and other funds. CCIA lobbied for this change.


CCIA and Congressman Jack Kemp work together toward for economic Recovery Act, which enabled more venture capital investment.


CCIA played a leading role in FCC’s Computer II Inquiry which led to the agency requiring telecom carriers’ networks to be opened and made available to services like computer networks.


Tech industry cheered AT&T breakup, welcomed results of competitive phone market that led to fax machines, mobile phones and growth of internet.


House Speaker Tip O’Neill spoke to members at CCIA’s annual Washington Caucus.


After years of advocacy, Competition in Contracting Act is signed, allowing multi-year contacts and more open, competitive bidding on the contracts, including government tech contracts.


CCIA organized meeting of top 20 tech companies to gain agreement on Open Standards Initiative.


GATT successfully updated with better IP, services provisions; CCIA continued advocacy on trade with the next goal: sensible export controls.


CCIA filed amicus court brief in Sega v. Accolade which held that reverse engineering was fair use when it was the only way to achieve interoperability.


President Clinton signed the 1996 Telecommunications Act. CCIA had lobbied for updates including rules designed to create local network competition.


Ed Black becomes president of CCIA.


President Clinton signed executive order on export controls. CCIA successfully advocated for removing software from regulating restrictions.


CCIA celebrated its 25th anniversary and presented an award to the internet co-founder Vint Cerf.


DMCA passed with rules limiting secondary liability for Internet, tech companies; CCIA plays critical role in securing interoperability exemptions for circumvention technology.


Judge rules Microsoft abused its PC operating system monopoly; CCIA worked with regulators ahead of the ruling.


Now Nobel Prize winner Joseph Stiglitz, Peter Orszag and Jonathan Orszag published their much quoted CCIA commissioned study, “The Role of Government in a Digital Age,” which said there is a growing “need for re-thinking the role of government by policy-makers, the press, the business community, and academics”.


European Parliament approves directive restricting patentability of software. CCIA was credited with a leading role in defeating the software patent directive in Europe.


CCIA published its first-ever study on value of copyright exceptions like Fair Use in U.S. economy.

Also, CCIA’s Ed Black testified before Senate Judiciary Committee on concerns with renewing Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.


CCIA opened its Brussels office.


CCIA filed comments with FCC on how to structure what became its Open Internet Rules in a legally sound way.   The FCC ultimately did alter its approach and protected net neutrality under Title II.


CCIA explained how China’s internet censorship is a trade barrier during testimony at Joint Congressional hearing.


CCIA, which also advocated against similar bills predating SOPA/PIPA, participated in internet blackout day. Senator Wyden thanked CCIA and public interest groups for stopping the bill that would have changed how easily users publish content on the internet.


CCIA President & CEO Ed Black testified before the House Judiciary Crime Subcommittee in support of the GPS Act.


CCIA celebrated its 40th anniversary. ICANN President Fadi Chehade gave keynote speech.


FTC Chair Edith Ramirez announced proposal to study patent trolls as a competition issue at a CCIA event at the National Press Club.


CCIA testified at a U.S. China Commission hearing on digital trade barriers in China.


CCIA testified on “International Data Flows: Promoting Digital Trade in the 21st Century” before the House Judiciary Committee, explaining the range of digital trade barriers.


CCIA Europe became the leading tech industry association voice on the EU Digital Single Market proposals as the details are announced.


CCIA and the Council of Europe co-hosted panels at the Internet Governance Forums in Mexico (2016) and Switzerland (2017) on reforming law enforcement access to data.


Through meetings, press conferences and filings CCIA alerted officials to an EU wide digital tax that was ultimately rejected.


Matt Schruers promoted to President by CCIA’s board of directors. Earlier in the year Schruers testified before the FTC and House Judiciary Committee on competition and USTR on digital taxes.